The word ‘research’ originally meant ‘to search closely’ and was first recorded in 1570. It was over 60 years later in 1630 that it was first used to mean ‘scientific enquiry.’


  • She is researching humpback whales for her thesis.
  • There is a lot of research on the issue of climate change, but still no-one really knows what is happening and what it means.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
procession of, proceeds of, proceed with
process of, processed food, unprocessed food
requirement that, requirement of, require that
researcher in, research funding
response to, response of, respond to

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the different forms if they seem to be different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

AWL Sublist 1, group 10

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:10

1.The patient was _______________ so mouth to mouth resuscitation was necessary. (respond, require)

2.What is your _______________ project about? (proceed, research)

  1. Do you know the _______________ for applying for the IELTS test? (process, research)

4.The sign says to ______________ with caution because there are wild animals crossing the road up ahead.  (proceed, process)

5.What are the _______________ for enrolling at university? (respond, require)

Answers (in the wrong order below)
4. proceed   3. process 2.research  1. unresponsive   5. requirements

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