‘Document‘ has several different meanings depending on the form of the word that you are looking at and the context. For example, the noun form, ‘a document’ is a piece of paper with official information on it or a piece of work that is stored in a computer. Another noun form is ‘documentary’ and it refers to a TV program that gives detailed information about subject. The verb form ‘to document’ means to record information about something. ‘Undocumented’ is an adjective form meaning that there is no record of something.
What you can learn from this is that the different forms of a word can have different, but usually related, meanings. It isn’t enough to learn the root word, you need to know the other forms.
- Watch the documentary about weevils on television tonight because we will be studying them in class tomorrow.
- There have been 17 documented cases of Ross River Fever this year.
- Can you get the documentation ready for the meeting this afternoon?
Collocations: When you learn new vocab, note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
logical deduction, deductive reasoning
product documentation, documentary on, documentary about, documented cases dominant hand, dominate the field
Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).
Complete the sentences below with the correct word and the correct form of the word.
- Could you _______________ the use of the software to the rest of the staff tomorrow? (demonstrate, dominate)
- The singular is criterion; what is the plural? ______________ (document, criteria)
- Sherlock Holmes uses logical _______________ to solve mysterious crimes. (demonstration, deduce)
- Which is your _______________ hand? (dominate, deduce)
- Did you see the _______________ about peak oil?(document, criteria)
Answers (in the wrong order below)
4. dominant 1. demonstrate 3. deduction 2. criteria 5. documentary / document