Featured Word:
Fundamental’ means very basic or the essence of something. It came into English from Latin and originally meant to begin or to establish something.


  • Having a good vocabulary is fundamental to increasing your fluency and confidence in a language.
  • Food and shelter are the fundamental elements that humans need.
  • Water is fundamental to our survival.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
fundamental to
generation of, generation by

this generation, subsequent generations, baby boom generation
image of
liberal politics, distribute liberally

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (

IELTS Vocabulary

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 54

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

  1. In some cultures the _______________ gap is bigger than it is in other cultures. (generation, fundamental)
  2. To _______________ a good income, you generally need a good education to start with. (generate, image)
  3. ______________ changes have been made to airport security since 9/11. (liberal, fundamental)
  4. There are several _______________ to choose from. Which one do you like best? (image, generation)
  5. For health reasons salt should be added sparingly rather than _______________. (generate, liberal)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. liberally   1. generation   2. generate   3. Fundamental    4. images

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