GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. I have lived in England since 10 years.
  2. How does it look like?
  3. I make my English homework every afternoon.
  4. Almost people like chocolate.
  5. There were much people at the concert.

Corrected sentences. 
a. I have lived in English for 10 years.
SINCE and FOR are often confused by non-native English speakers.
SINCE is used with a point in time. Since 1992 / since July / since I was a child
FOR is used with a period of time. For six months / for a few days / for a couple of hours.
b. How does it look? OR What does it look like?
When we put ‘like’ on the end, we must use ‘What’ at the start. 
c. I do my English homework every afternoon.
The wrong verb was used; it must be DO.
d. Most people like chocolate. 
ALMOST and MOST are often confused. The meaning is the same, but ALMOST is followed by ‘all’ or ‘everyone.’
Almost everyone enjoyed the lesson.
Almost all the students enjoyed the lesson.
Most students enjoyed the lesson. 

e. There were many people at the concert.
MANY is used with countable nouns.
MUCH is used with non-countable nouns. 

There were many dogs at the park. 
We haven’t got much time. 

Grammar – Adjectives with ED / ING

A lot of English learners mix up adjectives ending in ED and ING. The meaning can be quite different.
I’m bored. (= I am not interested / entertained.)
I’m boring. (= other people are not interested or entertained when they listen to me.)

——————————————————————————————–

Adjectives ending in -ed show what has happened to a person or thing.
Adjectives ending in -ing show the effect which something has on a person or thing.

Example: If you meet someone who makes you laugh then he is amusing. You are always amused when you speak to him.

Compare the difference:

  • My girlfriend is bored. – (My girlfriend feels bored)
  • My girlfriend is boring. – (My girlfriend is a boring person)
  • I am confused. – (I don’t understand something)
  • I am confusing. – (I will cause you to be confused)

-ed / -ing adjectives:

This information is from: http://languagelearningbase.com/85633/adjectives-ending-in-ed-and-ing?state=showcomments-85633&show=85633#p85633

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. A few people smoke these days.
  2. She likes little sugar in her tea.
  3. I live in the near of Melbourne.
  4. For two years ago I lived in Sicily.
  5. She was in the bus when the explosion happened.

Corrected sentences. 
a. Few people smoke these days.
A FEW and FEW have quite different meanings.
‘A few’ is used as a positive. It means some, but not many. 
‘Few’ is used more as a negative. It emphasises that something is unusual. 
b. She likes a little sugar in her tea.
A LITTLE and LITTLE work the same way as ‘a few’ and ‘few.’
‘A little’ is used more as a positive. It means some, but not much.  
‘Little’ is used more as a negative.
eg.
There is little cake left after the children have visited. (= the children ate most of the cake. There’s not much left.)
There’s a little cake left. (= there is some cake left)
c. I live near Melbourne.
(We cannot say ‘in the near of’ in English.)
d. I lived in Sicily for two years. OR I lived in Sicily two years ago.
(The meaning of the original sentence is quite unclear. The listener doesn’t know if the speaker is talking about how long they were there for – 2 years – eg. 1988 – 1990. OR if the speaker means that it happened two years ago; eg. If it is 2016 now, the speaker was there in 2014.) So in this case the words ‘for’ and ‘ago’ must be used correctly.
FOR – duration
AGO – point of time in the past 

e. She was on the bus when the explosion happened.
(Change the preposition to ‘on’.)
Generally we use ‘in’ for transport that is relatively small, but which we can be ‘inside’. If we can stand up on it, we tend to use ‘on.’ (on the bus, on the plane, on the ship) 

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. Yesterday I stay to home to watch some movie.
  2. Last week he is getting a new job.
  3. Your dress, I like it.
  4. I see kangaroo yesterday.
  5. Erin did not say where did she buy her book.

Corrected sentences. 
a. Yesterday I stayed home to watch some movies.
There were several errors. Yesterday is past, so the verb needs to be past (stayed). We ‘stay home’ not ‘stay to home’ and finally ‘some’ suggests that there is more than one, so the noun needs to be plural. 
b. Last week he got a new job.
Last week is past and finished so the verb needs to be in the simple past. (got)
c. I like your dress.
It is not strictly incorrect to use the original sentence (Your dress, I like it.), but it is unusual. The more standard form is ‘I like your dress.’ 
d. I saw a kangaroo yesterday. / I saw kangaroos yesterday.
Again this is a tense error. ‘Yesterday’ is past and the action has been completed, so the verb needs to be in the simple past (saw). There is also a problem with the noun. It needs to be clearly marked as either singular or plural  (a kangaroo OR kangaroos).
e. Erin did not say where she bought the book. / Erin did not say where she had bought the book.
‘Where’ is often used as question word and thus is frequently followed by ‘did;’ however, in this context, it is not a question and ‘did’ is not used. 

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. Let’s meet in 10:30 tomorrow morning.
  2. All students don’t have exam papers.
  3. She loves animals and has many pet.
  4. I do a driving test yesterday.
  5. Alex did not say where does he buy his car.

Corrected sentences. 
a. Let’s meet at 10:30 tomorrow morning.
(Change the preposition to ‘at.’ )
IN, ON and AT are the basic time prepositions you need to get right.
IN – for a period of time. In March / in a week / in 5 mins
ON – for a particular day. On Tuesday / on 5 December
AT – for a particular time. At 5pm / At the start of the game
b. No students have exam papers. / Not all students have exam papers.
(In English it is confusing to say that ALL of a group DON’T do something.)
c. She loves animals and has many pets.
(MANY is always used with plural nouns.)
d. I did a driving test yesterday.
(Change the verb into the simple past.)
YESTERDAY is past. Put the verb into the past. 
e. Alex did not say where does he buy his car.
(Remove DOES from the sentence and put the second verb into the simple past.)
DOES is used more commonly in the negative or in questions. In positive sentences it is not used much. When it is used, it is mainly for emphasis.
He doesn’t play tennis.
He drinks coke. 
He does drink coke, but only very occasionally. 

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. She married with him a year ago.
  2. The man which is the treasurer also does the gardens.
  3. You must phone to him immediately.
  4. They have driven to the countryside last weekend.
  5. He has been eating breakfast already.

Corrected sentences. 
a. She married him a year ago.
(Remove the word ‘with.’ )
Some verbs are fussy about prepositions. Other verbs that are a common source of error are ‘ask’ and ‘discuss.’ Note that we do not ‘ask to someone’ and we do not ‘discuss about.’
b. The man who is the treasurer also does the gardens.
(Change ‘which’ to ‘who.’ )
Always use ‘who,’ when talking about people. Animals and things take ‘which.’

c. You must phone him immediately.
(Remove the word ‘to.’)
This is another example of a verb that doesn’t need a preposition. In its noun form we can add ‘to.’ Eg. Give the phone to Mary. 
d. They drove to the countryside last weekend.
(Change the verb into the simple past.)
If you are only talking about one action (drive) and it happened last weekend, then it is in the past and it is completed. Use the simple past. 
e. He has eaten breakfast already.
(Change the verb to the present perfect.)
The present perfect is generally used with the following words; already, yet, never and ever.
‘Already’ generally refers to an action that is complete before the present time. 

WRITING

Good writing always includes examples. There are particular words you can use to introduce your examples and you should use a variety of them.

Australia is one of the best places in the world to get a cup of coffee. It is not that the coffee beans themselves are extraordinary, but rather the art of the coffee is in the making. For example, in many countries wait staff get a few minutes of  training on how to use a machine to make coffee, but in Australia people who make coffee get specific training in a college. After a period of intensive training they graduate as baristas. Australian baristas are recognised around the globe. For instance they often win international coffee making competitions. In particular many have gone to New York where they train locals in the art of making coffee.

When you drink Australian cappuccino you will notice several features; namely the texture as the coffee blends seamlessly with the aerated milk and the hint of cocoa as the bitter powder is often dusted over the coffee prior to the addition of the milk.

writing9

WRITING

 

Often you will want to give an example to show your meaning or you will want to repeat an idea in your conclusion, but you will need a different way to say it.

Generally in English writing we move from a broad idea to a specific point. Importantly we give examples to illustrate our meaning. This is particularly important in Academic writing where the reader expects to see a point and then examples to make your meaning clear. For example, if you are talking about the effects of climate change in the USA, the reader would expect you to give examples such as the possibility that the current Californian drought, Hurricane Katrina or an increase in tornadoes may be a result of climate change. In fact, in your writing  you always need to link broad ideas to specific examples. writing10