LISTENING PRACTICE

Read the text below and then listen to the TED talk to hear the missing words. (Write the exact word/s that you hear.) Complete the text below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER. 

The speaker tells us about death and architecture.  She says that a hundred years ago, we tended to die of infectious diseases like pneumonia and that, if they could take us away (1) __________. We tended to die at home, in our own beds, looked after by family, although that was partly because many people lacked  (2) __________ medical care.

By the 20th century a lot of things had changed. We (3) __________ like penicillin so that  infectious diseases could be treated. New medical technologies like x-ray machines were invented. And because they were so (4) __________ and expensive we needed large, centralized buildings to house them and these buildings became our modern hospitals.

After the Second World War, many countries set up universal healthcare systems so that everyone (5) __________  treatment could get it. The result was that lifespans extended from about 45 at the start of the century to almost double that today. The 20th century was this time of huge optimism about what science could offer, but with all of the focus on life, death was forgotten, even as our approach to death changed dramatically.

Now pause the video while you check your answers.
Then read questions 6 – 10 below the video.

TRUE or FALSE

6. The speaker is a doctor. 

7. Hospital architecture has a bad reputation. 

8. L’Ospedale degli Innocenti was built in 1940.

9. We don’t talk about death because we find the subject to be uncomfortable.

10. The first crematorium in the UK was built in Woking in the 1870s. 

Now check your answers below.

ANSWERS

1.quite quickly, 2. access to, 3.developed new medicines, 4.big, 5. who needed,
6. F, 7. T, 8.F, 9.T, 10.T.

LISTENING PRACTICE

Read the questions and then listen to the TED talk to answer them.
(Write the exact word/s that you hear.)

Complete the text below using no more than three words or a number

After the West side Cowboy started working around (1)_______________ was killed each month. So they decide to solve the problem of the danger – they  (2)_______________ it. The line continued until (3)_______________ when the last train ran.

Initially only (4)_______________ people were interested in the project. At first they wanted to save the highline, but later they conceived the idea of developing it. The speaker loved the fact that a mile-and-a-half of (5)_______________ ran right through the city. When Mayor Bloomberg came to office, he was (6)_______________.

When the first section of the project opened in 2009  it was visited by 2 million people. This was (7)_______________ times the predicted number. In the future Section Two will open followed by Section Three which will go around the (8)_______________.

ANSWERS (in the wrong order!)

(2) elevated; (3) 1980; (8) railyards (1) one person; (5) wildflowers;  (7) [about] 10 / ten (4) two;
(6) [very] supportive

LISTENING PRACTICE

Read the questions and then listen to the TED talk to answer them.
(Write the exact word/s that you hear.)

Complete the text below using no more than three words or a number. 

Jessi buys all her clothes second hand from flea markets and dress stores. Second hand (1)_______________ enables reduction of the impact on the (2)_______________ and on her wallet. Advantages include money going to a good cause, unique appearance and the fun of turning shopping into a personal (3)_______________ hunt.

Answer the following questions with no more than three words or a number. 

(4) How many pairs of undies did Jessi bring with her? _______________
(5) How much did Sunday’s outfit cost? _______________
(6) What is over-rated? _______________
(7) What is Jessi going to do with her new clothes before she returns to Brooklyn? _______________

ANSWERS – out of order!
(6) fitting in; (2) environment; (1) shopping; (4) 7 / seven; (7) donate everything back; (3) treasure hunt; (5) $55 / Fifty-five dollars

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS – SUBLIST 6 (67)

Featured Word:
To ‘inhibit  means to stop someone or something from doing or saying something that they should do or that they want to do.

Examples:

  • Lack of sunshine and water will inhibit the growth of plants.
  • Fear can inhibit people from expressing their opinions.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
incidence of, incidental damage, incidental effect
incorporate  in 
index of, index by, indexation of
inhibited by, uninhibited behaviour
initiative of, initiation of

Note that different collocations can have quite different meanings. They are not always alternatives.

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 67

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 67

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. Pension rates are ______________ to the cost of living. (incident, index)
  2. There was some kind of ______________ at the shopping centre this morning. I don’t know what happened, but there were a lot of police around.  (incident, initiate)
  3. Parts of the old design were _______________ into the new logo design. (inhibit, incorporate)
  4. The new guy at work shows a lot of _______________; he’ll do well I think. (initiate, inhibit)
  5. Recording the meeting may make people feel _______________ and they’ll be less likely to express their real views. (incorporate, inhibit)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. inhibited   3. incorporated  2. incident  1. indexed     4. initiative

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS SUBLIST 6 (64)

Featured Word:
Diverse  has the same meaning as ‘various’ or ‘varied’ but it can be used a little differently. For example both ‘various’ and ‘diverse’ can be used as adjectives, but only ‘diverse’ can be used as a noun – ‘diversity.’

Examples:

  • A diverse range of paintings is on display at the art gallery.
  • I like a restaurant menu that is limited and coherent. If there is too much diversity in cooking styles, they tend not to do anything well.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
a diverse range, should diversify, diversity of
specific domain
edition of, new edition, third edition, editor of, editorial about, edited by
enhancement of, enhance by
heritage estate, large estate

Note that different collocations can have quite different meanings. They are not always alternatives.

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 64

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 64

Complete the sentences below with the correct  form of the word.

  1. The company, Just Jeans,  ______________ and started to include shirts and accessories. (diverse/diversified / diversification)
  2. I’m not sure how to teach maths to young children; that isn’t really my _______________.  (domain / domains)
  3. Did you read today’s  _______________ in the newspaper? It was quite savage in its analysis of the run up to the American election.  (edit / editor / editorial)
  4. Musicians often wear make up to _______________ their eyes. (enhance / enhances / enhancement)
  5. She inherited several large _______________ . (estate / estates)

Answers (in the wrong order below)
5. estates   3. editorial    2. domain  1. diversified     4. enhance

Academic Word List, Sublist 4 (48)

Undertake,’ means to take responsibility for a job or task. The word ‘undertaker’ has quite a different meaning. An ‘undertaker’ is a person whose job involves arranging bodies and burying or cremating people who have died. Originally, 800 years ago ‘undertake’ meant ‘to trap,’ but the meaning now has settled on ‘taking responsibility for a job or a task.’ The noun is ‘undertaking’ and it means the job or task that someone is doing.

Examples:

  • Starting a new business is risky and is a huge undertaking.
  • Starting out on a Ph.D is a huge undertaking.
  • She decided to undertake the huge task of getting a Ph.D.
    * note that ‘huge’ and ‘undertake’ often appear in the same sentence!

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
stressed about, stress out, stress factors
subsequent movie

sum up, sum of
summary of
undertake a task

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List Gp 48Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 48

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

  1. How would you _______________ up your point of view? (sum, stress)
  2. She is quite ______________ about starting her new job. (stress, subsequent)
  3. It is quite a dangerous _______________. (sum, undertake)
  4. Her first exam results were very good and her _______________ exam results were even better. (summary, subsequent)
  5. I only saw the _______________, but it made the article seem quite interesting. (summary, undertake)

Answers (in the wrong order)
3. undertaking   1. sum   4. subsequent    2. stressed   5. summary

ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 4 (46)

Promote,’ comes from the Latin meaning ‘to move forward.’ Today there are three meanings that are all related to this. Firstly, it can mean to get a higher position in the workplace. The second meaning is to help sell something. And a third meaning is that you can promote a point of view.

Examples:

  • Sarah was promoted to Head of Department.
  • Coca-cola and Pepsi are so well known because they do a lot of promotion of their products.
  • Mr Baldwin keeps trying to promote his view for a new economy, but no-one is interested.
  • Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
    prior engagement, prior meeting, prior to
    professional conduct
    project manager, projection for, projection of

    promotion of, promotion for, promotional material, promoted to, promoted by
    regime changeCheck the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 46Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 46

Complete the sentences below with the correct words and the correct form of the word.

  1. Have you seen the _______________material for the new Star Wars movie? (regime, promote)
  2. The teaching _______________ is highly respected in many countries. (promote, profession)
  3. _______________ losses for this year are alarming. (project, prior)
  4. He was given the job because he has ______________ experience in the area.prior, project)
  5. There have been several _______________ changes and a lot of upheaval in that part of the world in the last few years. (regime, profession)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. regime   3. Projected   2. profession    4. prior    1. promotional