ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 5 (57)

Featured Word:
Precise’ means exact. It can be used in the same way as ‘exact’ in a sentence in its verb and its adverb form.
Can you tell me the exact time the message arrived? /
Can you tell me the precise time the message arrived?

A difference is that ‘precise’ has a noun form (precision) whereas ‘exact’ doesn’t.

Examples:

  • In some contexts it is quite important to be precise in your choice of words.
  • The offer expires at precisely 3pm on Tuesday the 5th.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
orientation to, oriented by, oriental art
perspective on, perspective related to, perspective about
precision of, precision in, precise measurements, precisely correct

prime of life, prime real estate, prime position, to prime someone
psychology lesson, psychological condition, psyched by, psyched out

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 57

IELTS Vocabulary 57

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

  1. When you start a new job you need to  _______________ yourself to the new environment? (orientation, orient)
  2. His _______________ on the issue will be quite interesting because he was involved in the decision-making. (perspective, perspectives)
  3. In the Year 12 maths exam, you don’t always need to be _______________; it is sometimes more important that you demonstrate understanding of the principles. (preciselyprecise)
  4. A  _______________ reason for the drop in female participation in engineering courses is the male-dominated culture . (primes, prime)
  5. Police officers and soldiers may both suffer from  _______________ damage that is referred to as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. (psychologypsychological)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. psychological   1. orient   2. perspective   3. precise    4. prime

ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 5 (56)

Featured Word:
A ‘Notion’ is a belief or an idea. It can also be a vague understanding or an impression of something. You may have ‘no notion’ about something – meaning you have ‘no idea.’

Examples:

  • The notion of ‘progress’ has different meanings to different people.
  • The notion that women can’t be leaders has held many talented women back over several generations.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
modify by, can mofidy, can be modified
computer monitor, to monitor someone’s behaviour
a network of, to network
notion of, notions about
objective for, objective measures, objectively argue, objectively demonstrate

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 56

IELTS Vocabulary 56

Complete the sentences below with the correct word and the correct form of the word. (eg. you may need to change a word from a noun to an adjective or from a singular to a plural.)

  1. If you have  _______________ on your car, your insurance premium is likely to be a lot higher.  (network, modify)
  2. What are your  _______________ for your current course of study? (objective, modify)
  3. Jonathan has all kinds of crazy _______________ about how to maximise interest on investments. (notion, objective)
  4. To be successful in business, it is useful to have a wide _______________ of contacts in a range of fields. (monitor, network)
  5. The work performance of most employees is   _______________ in some way. (monitor, notion)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. monitored   1. modifications   2. objectives   3. notions    4. network

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. Let’s meet in 10:30 tomorrow morning.
  2. All students don’t have exam papers.
  3. She loves animals and has many pet.
  4. I do a driving test yesterday.
  5. Alex did not say where does he buy his car.

Corrected sentences. 
a. Let’s meet at 10:30 tomorrow morning.
(Change the preposition to ‘at.’ )
IN, ON and AT are the basic time prepositions you need to get right.
IN – for a period of time. In March / in a week / in 5 mins
ON – for a particular day. On Tuesday / on 5 December
AT – for a particular time. At 5pm / At the start of the game
b. No students have exam papers. / Not all students have exam papers.
(In English it is confusing to say that ALL of a group DON’T do something.)
c. She loves animals and has many pets.
(MANY is always used with plural nouns.)
d. I did a driving test yesterday.
(Change the verb into the simple past.)
YESTERDAY is past. Put the verb into the past. 
e. Alex did not say where does he buy his car.
(Remove DOES from the sentence and put the second verb into the simple past.)
DOES is used more commonly in the negative or in questions. In positive sentences it is not used much. When it is used, it is mainly for emphasis.
He doesn’t play tennis.
He drinks coke. 
He does drink coke, but only very occasionally. 

BE ORGANISED

tipHere’s a HOT TIP!

The average native English speaker who knows nothing about IELTS probably WILL NOT get a 9 on the test. They may not even get an 8. Why?

It could be because the average English speaker is not a fluent speaker, but that doesn’t sound right. The likely reason is that there if we don’t understand the test well, we will lose marks – whether we are native speakers or language learners. So there are tips and secrets that we all need to learn about the test to maximise our marks.

If you are learning English as an additional language, you can expect your band score to go up between half and one full band by just understanding the test, by knowing what to expect and by knowing how to handle a range of question types.

Make sure that you understand every part of the listening, reading, writing and speaking tests. Keep checking back to IELTS sites like this one to learn more about the test.

ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 5 (55)

Featured Word:
Margin’ means on the edge or on the side. It is most commonly used to describe the space between the edge of a page and the text that is on the page. When you ‘marginalise something or someone, it means you put them on the side, or outside the main group.

Examples:

  • When reading a long and complex text, it sometimes helps to write notes in the margin.
  • In the corporate world women will often feel marginalised because they are not part of the social world that their male counterparts enjoy.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
licence for, licence to, licensing authority, licenced by
logical conclusion, logical thinking
margin for error, marginalised by, marginalised because of

medical assistance, medical knowledge, medically speaking
mental capacity, mental accuity, mentality related to

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 55

IELTS Vocabulary 55

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 55

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

  1. Do teachers need a  _______________ in your country? (licensed, licence)
  2. It is  _______________ to think that children can grow up to be healthy when they have poor nutrition, education and there welfare needs are not met. (illogical, illogically)
  3. I don’t really like the flavour of either toothpaste, but this one is ______________ better than that one. (margin, marginally)
  4. I won’t be in class tomorrow because I have to go for a _______________ . (medical, medically)
  5. When you have a difficult task ahead, you need to prepare both physically and  _______________. (mentality, mentally)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. mentally   1. licence   2. illogical   3. marginally    4. medical

ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 5 (54)

Featured Word:
Fundamental’ means very basic or the essence of something. It came into English from Latin and originally meant to begin or to establish something.

Examples:

  • Having a good vocabulary is fundamental to increasing your fluency and confidence in a language.
  • Food and shelter are the fundamental elements that humans need.
  • Water is fundamental to our survival.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
fundamental to
generation of, generation by

this generation, subsequent generations, baby boom generation
image of
liberal politics, distribute liberally

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

IELTS Vocabulary

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 54

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

  1. In some cultures the _______________ gap is bigger than it is in other cultures. (generation, fundamental)
  2. To _______________ a good income, you generally need a good education to start with. (generate, image)
  3. ______________ changes have been made to airport security since 9/11. (liberal, fundamental)
  4. There are several _______________ to choose from. Which one do you like best? (image, generation)
  5. For health reasons salt should be added sparingly rather than _______________. (generate, liberal)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. liberally   1. generation   2. generate   3. Fundamental    4. images

GRAMMAR MISTAKES

mistakesOOPS! PICK THE MISTAKE. 

There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Can you rewrite each sentence correctly?

  1. She married with him a year ago.
  2. The man which is the treasurer also does the gardens.
  3. You must phone to him immediately.
  4. They have driven to the countryside last weekend.
  5. He has been eating breakfast already.

Corrected sentences. 
a. She married him a year ago.
(Remove the word ‘with.’ )
Some verbs are fussy about prepositions. Other verbs that are a common source of error are ‘ask’ and ‘discuss.’ Note that we do not ‘ask to someone’ and we do not ‘discuss about.’
b. The man who is the treasurer also does the gardens.
(Change ‘which’ to ‘who.’ )
Always use ‘who,’ when talking about people. Animals and things take ‘which.’

c. You must phone him immediately.
(Remove the word ‘to.’)
This is another example of a verb that doesn’t need a preposition. In its noun form we can add ‘to.’ Eg. Give the phone to Mary. 
d. They drove to the countryside last weekend.
(Change the verb into the simple past.)
If you are only talking about one action (drive) and it happened last weekend, then it is in the past and it is completed. Use the simple past. 
e. He has eaten breakfast already.
(Change the verb to the present perfect.)
The present perfect is generally used with the following words; already, yet, never and ever.
‘Already’ generally refers to an action that is complete before the present time. 

VOCABULARY

It is critical to always expand your vocabulary in English. If you know how to express an idea, that is obviously good, but if you can only express it in one way, then your communication will be limited.

It is very common in the IELTS listening and reading tests for some of the questions to centre around knowing synonyms.

For example, in the listening test you might see a question that asks about Ronald’s skill at playing the piano.
You could be asked if his skill EXCELLENT, AVERAGE or if he has NO SKILL?
On the audio you might hear that Ronald is a middling talent at the keyboards.

That question and answer involves three synonyms; skilltalent / pianokeyboards / averagemiddling. If your vocabulary is limited you will miss fairly easy questions.

Make sure that you are constantly working on your vocabulary.

Here are a few common synonyms. Check to see if you know them all.

vocabulary

vocabulary

ACADEMIC WORD LIST, SUBLIST 5 (54)

Fundamental’ means central or most basic.  It comes from the Latin word ‘fundamentum’ which means ‘foundation.’

Examples:

  • Honesty, conscience and equity should be fundamental principles of any society.
  • Communism and facism are fundamentally different approaches to organising a society.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
fundamental mistake, fundamental principles, fundamentally different
to generate a result, to generate an error, generation of electricity
generation gap, intergenerational report, generational differences

image of, image in
a liberal helping, a liberal sprinkling, a liberal attitude, liberal politics, apply liberally

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 54

Academic Word List 54

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word. You MAY need to change the form of the word too (eg. liberal –> liberally / generation –> generations).

  1. She adds  _______________ amounts of salt to her cooking? (liberal, generate)
  2. Paul was haunted by the  _______________ of children crying while bombs dropped around them. (liberal, image)
  3. The company made some  ______________ changes which meant that their training department expanded by several positions. (fundamental, generate)
  4. Each  _______________ has different norms related to modesty and manners. (generation, generate)
  5. The company undertook a huge advertising campaign to   _______________ interest in their new products. (generate, fundamental)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. generate   1. liberal   2. image/images   3. fundamental    4. generation