Academic Word List – Sublist 1 (group 5)

SUBLIST 1, Card 5

To ‘establish‘ something can mean to begin or build something. It can also mean to find facts to prove the truth of something.

Examples:

  • The company was established in 2010.
  • The police have established that the robbery was committed by a woman of medium height.

Why is the word ‘was’ used with the verb ‘establish’ in the first example sentence? Do you know? The answer is that it is a passive sentence. In this structure we are not interested in the agent (who or what) established the company.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
establishment of, establish s/thing by, re-establish control
estimation of, estimation by
evidence of, evidence for, supporting evidence
exporter of, export to
factor in

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the different forms if they seem to be different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

AWL Sublist 1, group 5

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:5

Complete the sentences below with the correct word and correct form of the word.

1.Some groups _______________ that due to climate change life as we know it will be drastically different in just 20 years. (factor, estimate)

2.It is _______________ that nuclear power poses environmental risks. (evidence, export)

3.If you ______________ good study habits, you can do well in IELTS. (establish, evidence)

4._______________ figures for this month look promising. (establish, export)

5.One ______________ in the nuclear debates is the recent disaster in Japan. (factor, estimate)

Answers (in the wrong order)
3. establish   2. evident   5. factor     4. Export   1. estimate

 

Academic Word List – Sublist 1 (group 4)

sublist 1, card 4

Derive’ means ‘comes from.’  You can ‘derive’ a benefit from something, or a word can be derived from French or another language. Or in scientific terms one product can be derived from another.

  • This cure is derived from human blood.
  • Farmers in particular will derive benefits from daylight saving.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
definition of
derive benefit
distribution of
economise with, economic benefit
environmental concerns, environmental activists

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

AWL Sublist 1, group 4

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:4

Complete the sentences . Choose the correct word and then choose the correct form of the word to complete each sentence.

1.We’re spending too much money, we need to _______________. (define, economy)

2.The government is more concerned about finances than about   _______________ considerations. (environment, distribute)

3.Many words are _______________ over time and can take on very different meanings. (define, environment)

4.A lot of words in English are _______________ from Latin and Greek. (derive, distribute)

5.Supermarkets have large ______________ networks. (derive, distribute)

Answers (in wrong order below)
3. defined 1. economise 4. derived   5. distribution    2. environmental

 

Academic Word List – Sublist 1 (group 3)

SUBLIST 1, Card 3

Contract’ has two meanings that appear to be unrelated. However, if we go back to the origins of the word, we can see the two meanings.

Today ‘contract’ can mean an official document that has legal status and it can also mean to become smaller.

  • We signed the contract for the new house today.
  • Metal contracts in the cold weather.

If we look at the origins of the word ‘contract’ we can see that it comes from middle English (1100 – 1500) and that it meant ‘drawn together’ or ‘tightened.’  And you can see how that has come to mean ‘to become smaller’ and also you can see that in a legal contract all of the relevant information is ‘drawn together.’ So there is a relationship between the two meanings if we look at the history of the word.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
constituent part
context of, in context
to sign a contract, contraction of
creator of
database, relevant data

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

AWL Sublist 1, group 3

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:3

Complete the sentences . Choose the correct word and then choose the correct form of the word to complete each sentence.

1.Children can sometimes find very _______________ solutions to problems. (context, create)

2.Metal _______________ in cold conditions. (create, contract)

3.The doctor said he has a strong _______________, and could live until he is 100. (constitute, contract)

4.When doing fill-the-gap exercises like this you need to use _______________ clues. (context, data)

5.If you provide the information, I’ll ______________ the website for you. (constitute, create)

Answers (in the wrong order)
4. Contextual   3. constitution   1. creative   5. create   2. contracts

Academic Word List – Sublist 1 (group 2)

SUBLIST 1, card 2

Consistent’ is one of many words that can have an opposite meaning by the simple addition of a prefix like ‘in.’

  • Her marks were consistent; she always got A’s.
  • His marks were inconsistent; sometimes he got A’s but he would also get B, C, D and even E.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
authority to, authorisation to
availability of, available until, available now

benefit by, a benefit to, can benefit, beneficiary of
conception of, consist of, consistent with

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

AWL Sublist 1, group 2

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:2

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

1.Daily exercise is considered to be _______________ for the body. (benefit, consist)

2.Governments generally ensure the _______________ of census data so that research and planning can take place. (available, concept)

3.Some governments are reluctant to _______________, measures against climate change. (benefit, authority)

4.The evidence for climate change _______________ of years of research and data collection. (available, consist)

5.The effects of the recent changes to the law can be difficult to  _______________ at first, but they will be explained more fully at a later date. (concept authorise)

Answers (in wrong order)
5. Conceptualise  3. authorise  1. beneficial    2. availability  4. consists

 

Academic Word List – Sublist 1 (group 1)

SUBLIST 1, card 1

Assess’ has a very similar meaning to ‘test’ and to ‘evaluate.’ When you are studying you may be given assessments, tests or evaluations.

Examples of usage:
We have an assessment tomorrow, have you studied?
How will the examiners assess our essays? What criteria will they use?

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
an analysis of, analyse by
approach by, a new approach
assessment by, assessment of
assumption that, assume that

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

AWL Sublist 1, group 1

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1

Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.

1.Is is very difficult to make an  _______________ of the evidence for and against climate change. (assess, approach )
2.People sometimes make the _______________ that housework is not valuable work. (assume analyse)
3. If we all take a section, we’ll be able to cover a large  _______________. (area, assume)
4.His position makes him a little intimidating, but in fact he is quite _______________. (approach, assess)
5.Recent _______________ of test results throughout the world reveals that Taiwanese children are well advanced in their mathematical skills. (assume, analyse)

ANSWERS (in the wrong order)
5. analysis   3. area   1. assessment   4. approachable   2. assumption

IELTS Vocabulary – Academic Word List (114)

Be careful with the word ‘so-called;’  a lot of people use it incorrectly. It means that something is given a name, but the name isn’t suitable. We use the word to criticise something or to be insulting.

Examples:
The so-called experts don’t know more than anyone else.
Her so-called friends didn’t support her when she needed it most.

When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
reluctance to, a certain reluctance, reluctant to
straightforward solution

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 114

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 114

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. She ______________ took the job because she was desperate for money. (undergo, reluctant)
  2. She has to ______________ knee surgery tomorrow. (undergo, reluctant)
  3. The _______________ Climate Policy was in fact nothing more than a pretence. (so-called, whereby)
  4. The solution is _______________; give each person an equal number of hours and they’ll all be happy. (so-called, straightforward)
  5. There is a repayment plan ______________ you pay a small amount for the first few years and then a large amount at the end. It may solve your problem. (whereby, straightforward)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. whereby   3. so-called   2. undergo   1. reluctantly    4. straightforward

IELTS Vocabulary – Academic Word List (113)

Ongoing’ has been in the English language since the late 1800s. It is made from the two words ‘on’ and ‘going.’ The meaning is ‘continuing.’

When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
odd shape, oddball
ongoing discussion
a panel from
persistent problem, persisten
t behaviour, persist in, persist with
pose for, pose with

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 113

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 113

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. She was very excited because she got to ______________ for a picture with her favourite celebrity. (odd, pose)
  2. She had a very ______________ wart on her finger. It kept growing back. (ongoing, persist)
  3. A _______________ of judges will decide what the punishment should be. (panel, pose)
  4. The neighbours were involved in an _______________dispute. (ongoing, persist)
  5. She was ______________ interested in her neighbours family history. (odd, panel)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. oddly   3. panel   2. persistent   1. pose     4. ongoing

IELTS Vocabulary – Academic Word List (112)

Nonetheless’ was originally three words (none the less) and became one word less than 100 years ago. It has the same meaning as ‘despite that’ or ‘even though.’

When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
a levy on
likewise with

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 112

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 112

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. In the UK the government recently ______________ a bedroom tax on all homeowners. (nonetheless, levy)
  2. When you come into Australia the customs checks are quite tough; ______________ in the US where security is taken very seriously. (likewise, nothwithstanding)
  3. Their different backgrounds _______________ Ahmed and Belinda are both good ambassadors for our cause. (nothwithstanding, invoke)
  4. Economic sanctions are sometimes _______________as a form of control. (likewise, invoke)
  5. Punishments on some crimes are quite minimal, ______________ the crime rate is low. (levy, nonetheless)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. nonetheless   3. notwithstanding   2. likewise  1. levied     4. invoked

IELTS Vocabulary – Academic Word List (111)

Forthcoming’ is quite an old, formal word. It dates back to the 15th century and means ‘coming soon.’ Several hundred years ago there were similar words, but they have all dropped out of use (forthbringforthcallforthdoforthgoforthpassforthset). Today it is often used in the context of announcements about books or movies that will be available soon. However, it is generally not in day-to-day conversational use.

When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
enormity of
forthcoming book
inclined to, uninclined to
integrity of, has integrity
intrinsic to, intrinsic qualities

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 111

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 111

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. There are a lot of tests done to check the ______________ of the materials. (integrity, enormous)
  2. Some things like baby animals are ______________ interesting. (incline, intrinsic)
  3. There are many advance orders for his _______________ book. (intrinsic forthcoming)
  4. When a boss is exploitative, it can have a negative effect on workers who are sometimes _______________to work hard. (integrity, incline)
  5. The workload in this subject is ______________. (enormous, forthcoming)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. enormous   3. forthcoming   2. intrinsically   1. integrity     4. uninclined/inclined

IELTS Vocabulary – Academic Word List (110)

Conceive’ means to create. You can conceive a child and you can conceive an idea. Plans can be well-conceived or ill-conceived. The noun is ‘conception.’ In the sentence below it means ‘idea.’

  • Until my picture was splashed all over the media I had no conception of what it would be like to have no privacy.

When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
compilation of, compiled with, compiled by
conception of, conceive to be, ill-conceived plan
only half-convinced of, totally convinced

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Academic Word List 110

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 110

Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.

  1. ______________ seems to be widespread these days. (depress, conceive)
  2. As a young boy Paul was quite poor and it was ______________ to him that he would one day earn a lot of money. (conceive, depress)
  3. I heard her arguments, but I remained _______________ of her case. (encounter, convince)
  4. Alan first _______________ problems with his car when he drove it out of the sales yard. (compile, encounter)
  5. I made a great ______________ CD for our roadtrip across Australia. (compile, convince)

Answers (in the wrong order)
5. compilation   3. unconvinced   2. inconceivable   1. Depression     4. encountered