To ‘inhibit‘ means to stop someone or something from doing or saying something that they should do or that they want to do.
- Lack of sunshine and water will inhibit the growth of plants.
- Fear can inhibit people from expressing their opinions.
Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
incidence of, incidental damage, incidental effect
index of, index by, indexation of
inhibited by, uninhibited behaviour
initiative of, initiation of
Note that different collocations can have quite different meanings. They are not always alternatives.
Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct word and then use the correct form of the word.
- Pension rates are ______________ to the cost of living. (incident, index)
- There was some kind of ______________ at the shopping centre this morning. I don’t know what happened, but there were a lot of police around. (incident, initiate)
- Parts of the old design were _______________ into the new logo design. (inhibit, incorporate)
- The new guy at work shows a lot of _______________; he’ll do well I think. (initiate, inhibit)
- Recording the meeting may make people feel _______________ and they’ll be less likely to express their real views. (incorporate, inhibit)
Answers (in the wrong order)
5. inhibited 3. incorporated 2. incident 1. indexed 4. initiative