Sublist 1, Group 11 (11)

The word ‘sector’ is frequently used incorrectly by language learners. Generally speaking when we talk about the economy, we think of two main sectors; the government sector and the business sector; or the private sector and the public sector.

What I often see in student writing is an ‘s’ on the end where there shouldn’t be one. For example, we do not talk about the business sectors because we think of business as being one sector, not many.

Examples:

  • Do you think that the government sector should pay for education?
  • There have been significant pay increases recently in the private sector.

Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
role model, role in
section of, section off
sector of, business sector, government sector
significance of, significant changes
similarity to, similar to

Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).

Complete the sentences below with the correct word and the correct form of the word.

AWL Sublist 1, group 11

Vocabulary for IELTS – Academic Word List 1:11

1.Do you think TOEFL and IELTS are _______________ to one another? (similar, section)

2.What _______________ of the test is easiest for you? (section, sector)

3.What is your ______________ on the committee?  (similar, role)

4.Would you prefer a job in the private _______________ or with the government? (significant, sector)

5.Her results were _______________ better after completing the IELTS course. (significant, role)

Answers (in the wrong order below)
4. sector   3. role   2. section  1. similar   5. significantly