When you ‘cite‘ something, you refer to it or quote it exactly. In an academic context it also means to give credit to the original author. It was first used with its current meaning about 500 years ago.
- Alexandra cited around 80 sources in her last essay.
- We could cite poverty and despair as the reasons for so much unhappiness in many societies today.
- We need to have at least seven citations in our English essay this week.
Collocations: When you learn new vocab, make sure that you note collocations too. For this group of words some collocations are:
capable of, capability to, incapable of
cooperate with, cooperate by, work cooperatively, cooperation of
discriminate by, discriminate against, anti-discrimination laws
display of, display poor behaviour
Note that different collocations can have quite different meanings. They are not always alternatives.
Check the meanings of the words if you don’t already know them. Check the meanings of the various forms as sometimes they are different. You can check them at Time4english by clicking the words (http://www.time4english.com/aamain/lounge/awl.asp).
Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the word.
- Jack isn’t fully qualified, but he is quite ______________ of looking after the accounts for the business. (capable / capability / capacity)
- The lecturer likes to see at least six _______________ in every essay. (citations / cite / citings)
- The prisoner was most _______________ ? (cooperating / uncooperative / cooperatively)
- Many groups today claim to be _______________ against. (discrimination / discriminating / discriminated / indescriminate)
- Four examples were _______________ on the whiteboard. (display / displaying / displayed)
Answers (in the wrong order below)
5. displayed 3. uncooperative 2. citations 1. capable 4. discriminated